Gum recession: Causes
When your gum recede or pull away from your teeth, it is called gum recession. Gum recession can happen to people of all ages. Sometimes it happens even if a person takes good care of his or her teeth.
Gum recession can cause problems for your dental health. If you have gum recession, your dentist can help you understand the causes and recommend a treatment.
When teeth are healthy, gum tissue fits around each tooth like a cuff. In a tooth with gum recession, the gum tissue has pulled away from the tooth. This can leave the tooth root exposed. Since the root surface does not have a hard enamel covering like the crown (top) of the tooth, the root may become sensitive to hot and cold. Also, the exposed root is more at risk for decay.
Gum recession can be caused by:
- Periodontal (gum) disease
- Brushing your teeth too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush
- Trauma to gum tissues, such as a sport injury
- Partial that don’t fit right
- Genetics – some people are born with gums that are thin or weak
- Prominent tooth roots or attachment mussles that can push gums out of place
- Smoking and using any kind of tobacco